Newer frontiers in cardiac pacing : Wireless dual-chamber pacing
The field of cardiology is always at the forefront of any technological breakthrough. Cardiac pacing stands tall among all Innovations. While remote monitoring and pacemaker telemetry are well-known concepts. One would have wondered why Intracardiac leads couldn’t communicate with each other wirelessly. Yes, It was just a matter of time, for that to happen.
The leadless pacemaker Micra/Nanostim was Introduced recently but lacked the much needed physiological pacing as they were single chamber based pacing. Though mechanical sensing of atrial activity was possible with Micra TPS software patch (A VDD like mode) it wasn’t providing perfect AV synchrony. (https://drsvenkatesan.com/2020/04/03/av-synchrony-in-lead-less-micra-av-pacemaker-how-does-it-sense-atria/)
Now, technology has made it possible for dual-chamber leadless pacer. Here atrial and ventricular channels communicate in a wireless fashion, making it a truly wireless dual-chamber pacing. Interestingly the communication between them is not Bluetooth or NFC based but a concept called low-frequency Galvanic coupled intrabody communication. (Currently Implanted pig models.)
We have crossed new frontiers in the management of electrical cardiac disorders. While inadvertent cross-talk between atrial and ventricular lead was an issue in the past, now we are mastering the art of appropriate talk between these leads in a wireless fashion and use it for synchronized pacing.