The importance of, and differences between fibers
Types of fiber
Fiber is not found in meat. It is only found in foods such as whole grains, fruits, vegetables, nuts, seeds, and legumes. Fiber makes up the component of plant cell walls.
There are two basic categories of dietary fiber: soluble and insoluble. They are both needed in the diet as they have different health effects.
Most of the fiber in plant cell walls is water-soluble. This fiber promotes regular bowel movements and aids in weight loss by slowing down the passage of food, which gives you that full feeling. Foods that have been processed, such as canned vegetables, fruits, instant rice, and CEREALS – (yes, even boxed cereals that claim they have added fiber), have actually been stripped of fiber. Raw fruits and vegetables are the way to go. They are filling, prevent over-eating, and they have the nutrients and enzymes that are so vital to your health. Raw foods are naturally high in fiber and satisfy your hunger. Soluble fiber also helps to lower elevated cholesterol and remove fat from the gastrointestinal tract. The best sources of soluble fiber, in my opinion, are fruits and vegetables. Although barley, beans, peas, and lentils are good sources of soluble fiber, they are much harder to digest.
Insoluble fiber (roughage) are the plant cell walls that do not dissolve in water. This fiber does not break down during digestion and even though it does not dissolve in water, it can bind water just like a sponge. The most important reason to consume moderate amounts of soluble fiber is that the absorption causes bowel movements to be softer and to have greater bulk. This helps to ease and regulate movement through the intestines. Food sources of insoluble fiber include whole grains, nuts, vegetables, and fruits.
The best way to get more fiber from your food is to increase your intake of raw foods. Eating the skin and membranes of fruits and vegetables ensures that you get every bit of fiber. Cooking can reduce the fiber content so try to steam lightly.
Fruit fiber is the easiest fiber for our GI tract to handle. Vegetables are harder for people to digest. I see many clients in my practice that are diagnosed with irritable bowel and suffer with nagging constipation. I find that adding organic psyllium husk (soluble fiber) to their diet helps to ensure that that they get the adequate fiber required to avoid these symptoms.
An apple a day is an easy way to get 3.6 grams of fiber into your day and also helps with bowel function. It is easy and tasty ……. best to eat whole with skin on!
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